Collagen is a type of protein that occurs naturally in the bodies of animals. It is more abundant than any other protein found in the body, and is the main component of a number of the body’s structures. Cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and bones are all composed mainly of collagen.
Collagen also plays an important role in maintaining the strength and elasticity of the skin. Hydrolyzed collagen is derived from collagen found in the bodies of animals. This collagen is then broken down through the use of enzymes. Basically, the composition of the protein is modified through chemical processes to make it more suitable for human use.
After collagen is hydrolyzed, it is easier to add to a variety of food products. It can also help the individual’s body use the substances contained in the hydrolyzed collagen more efficiently. Most often, the hydrolyzed collagen extracted from animal cartilage will be made into a capsule or pill, and individuals will take them on a regular basis as a nutritional supplement.
This makes incorporating hydrolyzed collagen into virtually any diet very easy, and the often unpleasant taste and odor can be largely avoided. Sometimes, certain types of hydrolyzed collagen are added to drinks, soups, candy, and health products. Some types of hydrolyzed collagen other than type II are also frequently included in a variety of skin care products, including facial masks and moisturizing creams.
As its name implies, bovine collagen comes from cows. More specifically, it is a naturally occurring substance found in the skin, muscle, bones, and tendons of cows. By isolating and purifying bovine collagen, scientists created a ready supply of collagen to aid the beauty industry in its economically profitable battle against wrinkles and other facial deformities.
Chicken collagen is a naturally occurring protein in the cartilage, bones, and tissue of chickens. Chicken collagen is usually taken from the breast cartilage, after which it is synthesized and made into an injectable solution or supplement. Chicken collagen is commonly used for conditions affecting joints, such as arthritis, because scientists believe it contains chondroitin and glucosamine, two chemicals that reportedly reduce or prevent osteoarthritis. Both chondroitin and glucosamine are used frequently in joint health supplements, especially those designed to reduce joint pain and inflammation.
These proteins naturally complement collagen and make the resulting treatment more effective. Fish collagen is most widely used in cosmetics. It typically moisturizes the skin and helps it appear firmer, smoother, and more elastic. Skin care companies have manufactured collagen creams, injections, and capsules designed to produce smoother skin for people of all ages.
Porcine collagen, rendered from the skin tissue of pigs, is generally used for collagen replacement therapy. Pigs are monitored to make sure that any collagen produced is pathogen free. The animals are monitored and traceable. Once the collagen has been rendered, it is injected in humans just below the surface to smooth wrinkle.